The last “Indian War” in the State of Jefferson

Captain Jack, Modoc leader

Captain Jack, Modoc leader

Less than a generation after the so-called Rogue Indian Wars, there was one final battle between the Army and Native Americans in the region now known as the “State of Jefferson”: the Modoc War of 1872-73, in which a small band of Modoc men, women, and children held off a much larger force of American soldiers in the Lava Beds of Modoc County in northern California.

the Lava Beds, Modoc County, California

A glimpse of the Lava Beds, photo by Kevin Murphy.

For a solid little introduction to the war, check out this article from the Indian Country Today Newsletter.

Oregon Public Broadcasting ( has also added to its excellent series, The Oregon Experience, with a documentary on the Modoc War.  It is well worth the hour it takes to watch.

Categories: Pacific Northwest and Mythical State of Jefferson.

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